Here’s the short answer: the ringing you hear in your ear after you attend a concert or sit in a loud restaurant is called tinnitus. Tinnitus is caused by loud noises damaging or roughly vibrating...
Sometimes the world moves so fast, it leaves us dizzy and spinning. Life can pull us in so many different directions-- it can be confusing. However, if you literally feel dizzy-- like you’re being pulled one direction-- or if you feel like you or the world is spinning, you may be experiencing vertigo.
Causes and Symptoms
More than just an Alfred Hitchcock movie, vertigo is when you feel extremely dizzy, or you feel like you’re spinning or being pulled in one direction. Vertigo is an inner ear problem that has to do with balance and maintaining equilibrium. It may make you feel nauseated, give you a headache, make you sweat, cause tinnitus or ringing in the ears, cause vomiting, and induce rapid or jerking eye movements (nystagmus).
Some causes include a condition called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), wherein tiny calcium particles collect in the inner ear canal. BPPV can occur with no notice and no known reason. Another cause of vertigo would be a disease called Meniere’s disease. Meniere’s disease is also an inner ear-related disease, in which a buildup of fluid and changing pressure in the ears cause ringing in the ears (tinnitus) or vertigo. The last known cause of vertigo is a type of viral infection called vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis. This inner ear problem causes inflammation in the ear and the nerves surrounding the ear that are vital for stability and balance. Vertigo may also be associated with a head or neck injury, a brain problem or injury, migraine headaches, and certain medications.
Often, vertigo goes away without treatment; however, if it doesn’t, then physical therapy, repositioning, medication, or surgery may fix the issue.